The International Polar Year (IPY) is a scientific campaign focused on the Arctic and the Antarctic from March 2007 to March 2009. Organized through the International Council for Science (ICSU) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), this is actually the fourth polar year, following those in 1882-3, 1932-3, and 1957-8. IPY involves over 200 projects, with thousands of scientists from over 60 nations examining a wide range of physical, biological and social research topics. For example, scientists from Norway and the U.S. are working together to measure climate indicators in a traverse across the least explored part of East Antarctica. This is a picture of Unni Odegard with an ice core that is 1000 years old. See the library book display on early explorations and wild life at the poles.